Alloy Geek Alloy 20 Standard

Your Analysis Type: X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF)
Pedigree: Certified Reference Material (includes certified chemical analysis)
Sale price$250.00


Alloy Geek Alloy 20 Nickel-Iron-Chromium Austenitic Stainless Steel Standard

Alloy 20, also known as Carpenter 20, is a nickel-iron-chromium austenitic stainless steel with excellent resistance to a wide range of corrosive environments. It contains significant additions of nickel, chromium, and molybdenum, which contribute to its exceptional corrosion resistance properties. Alloy 20 is often chosen for applications involving sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, chloride-containing environments, and various corrosive gases.

The composition of Alloy 20 typically includes:

  • Nickel (about 32-38%)
  • Chromium (about 19-21%)
  • Molybdenum (about 2-3%)
  • Copper (about 3-4%)
  • Iron (about 32-38%)
  • Small amounts of other elements like manganese, silicon, carbon, and sulfur

Key features and characteristics of Alloy 20:

  1. Corrosion Resistance: Alloy 20 is renowned for its exceptional resistance to a wide range of corrosive environments, including sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, and chloride-containing solutions. It's often chosen for applications where resistance to pitting, crevice corrosion, and stress corrosion cracking is crucial.

  2. Applications: Alloy 20 is used in industries that require high corrosion resistance, including chemical processing, petrochemicals, food processing, pharmaceuticals, and marine applications. It's often chosen for heat exchangers, pipes, tanks, and components exposed to corrosive media.

  3. Weldability: The alloy can be readily welded using common welding techniques, making fabrication and installation more manageable.

  4. Formability: Alloy 20 can be formed using standard methods, making it versatile for various manufacturing processes.

  5. Heat Treatment: Alloy 20 does not require a specific heat treatment to achieve its desired corrosion resistance.

  6. Forms: Alloy 20 is available in various forms, including sheets, plates, bars, tubes, and pipes.

Due to its exceptional corrosion resistance and versatility, Alloy 20 is a popular choice in industries where exposure to corrosive environments is common. If you're considering using Alloy 20 for a specific project, consulting with materials experts or manufacturers is recommended to ensure it meets your desired performance requirements, especially in terms of corrosion resistance and compatibility with the specific conditions of your application.

Reference Material (RM): A reference material, or RM, is a material with a known composition or property that is used for informational purposes to look at analytical instruments, methods, or procedures. It serves as a point of comparison to ensure the accuracy and reliability of measurements. Reference materials can vary in terms of their level of characterization and traceability. Some reference materials may have well-defined properties, but they might not have undergone the rigorous testing and certification process that certified reference materials (CRMs) undergo. Reference Material chemical compositions are for information purposes.

Certified Reference Material (CRM): A certified reference material, or CRM, is a type of reference material that has been thoroughly analyzed and characterized using multiple validated methods to determine its composition or properties. The results of these analyses are then used to establish certified values, along with associated uncertainties. CRMs are produced and certified by accredited organizations or laboratories following internationally recognized standards, such as ISO Guide 34 (ISO 17034). The certification process includes interlaboratory comparison and statistical analysis to ensure accuracy and traceability.

In summary, the main difference between a reference material and a certified reference material lies in the level of characterization, validation, and certification. CRMs have undergone a more comprehensive and rigorous testing process, resulting in certified values and uncertainties that can be confidently used for instrument calibration, quality control, and research. Reference materials, on the other hand, can provide a point of comparison but do not have the same level of certification and traceability as CRMs. When accuracy and traceability are critical, certified reference materials are preferred.

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