Alloy Geek 316 Ti Austenitic Stainless Steel Standard
Alloy 316Ti, also known as AISI 316Ti or UNS S31635, is a titanium-stabilized version of the widely used austenitic stainless steel Alloy 316. The addition of titanium provides enhanced resistance to sensitization and intergranular corrosion, making Alloy 316Ti particularly suitable for high-temperature and corrosive environments.
The composition of Alloy 316Ti is similar to Alloy 316, but with the addition of small amounts of titanium (usually around 0.5-1.5%). The typical composition includes:
- Chromium (about 16-18%)
- Nickel (about 10-14%)
- Molybdenum (about 2-3%)
- Titanium (about 0.5-1.5%)
- Carbon (about 0.08% max)
- Manganese (about 2% max)
- Silicon (about 1% max)
- Phosphorus (about 0.045% max)
- Sulfur (about 0.03% max)
- Iron (balance)
Key features and characteristics of Alloy 316Ti:
Sensitization Resistance: Titanium stabilizes the microstructure of the alloy, preventing the formation of chromium carbides during heating and cooling processes. This reduces the risk of sensitization and intergranular corrosion, which can occur in certain high-temperature applications.
Corrosion Resistance: Alloy 316Ti offers the same excellent corrosion resistance as Alloy 316, including resistance to acids, chlorides, and other corrosive agents.
High-Temperature Performance: The titanium stabilization enhances the alloy's performance at elevated temperatures by minimizing the formation of harmful phases that can lead to sensitization.
Versatility: Alloy 316Ti is used in applications similar to those of Alloy 316, including chemical processing, pharmaceuticals, food processing, and marine environments.
Crevice and Pitting Resistance: The addition of molybdenum and titanium provides enhanced resistance to crevice corrosion and pitting.
Weldability: Alloy 316Ti is easily weldable using common welding methods.
Forms: The alloy is available in various forms, including sheets, plates, bars, and pipes.
Alloy 316Ti is often chosen when high-temperature resistance and protection against sensitization are required. It's used in industries such as chemical processing, pharmaceuticals, and the food industry. The titanium stabilization ensures that the alloy maintains its corrosion resistance and mechanical properties, making it a reliable choice for demanding environments.
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