Alloy Geek 434 Stainless Steel Standard

Your Analysis Type: X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF)
Pedigree: Certified Reference Material (includes certified chemical analysis)
Sale price$249.95


Alloy Geek 434 Ferritic Stainless Steel Standard

Alloy 434, also known as UNS S43400, is a ferritic stainless steel with good corrosion resistance and moderate mechanical properties. It belongs to the 400 series of stainless steels, which are characterized by their ferritic structure and lower chromium content compared to austenitic stainless steels. Alloy 434 is often used in applications where corrosion resistance is required but not necessarily at the level of more corrosion-resistant alloys.

The composition of Alloy 434 typically includes:

  • Chromium (about 16-18%)
  • Manganese (about 1% max)
  • Silicon (about 1% max)
  • Phosphorus (about 0.04% max)
  • Sulfur (about 0.03% max)
  • Carbon (about 0.05-0.12%)
  • Iron (balance)

Key features and characteristics of Alloy 434:

  1. Corrosion Resistance: Alloy 434 offers good corrosion resistance in mildly corrosive environments, making it suitable for applications where moderate corrosion resistance is required.

  2. Formability: The alloy has good formability due to its ferritic structure, allowing it to be shaped and formed through various processes.

  3. Heat Resistance: Alloy 434 can withstand moderately high temperatures, but its resistance to oxidation and scaling is lower than that of some other stainless steels.

  4. Applications: Alloy 434 is used in applications such as automotive trim, kitchen appliances, and architectural trim, where corrosion resistance and moderate mechanical properties are important.

  5. Magnetism: Alloy 434 is magnetic due to its ferritic structure.

  6. Weldability: Alloy 434 is weldable using common welding methods, although preheating and post-weld heat treatment might be necessary to maintain its mechanical and corrosion properties.

  7. Forms: Alloy 434 is available in various forms, including sheets, plates, bars, and coils.

Due to its balance of corrosion resistance and formability, Alloy 434 is often chosen for applications where these properties are valued. It's important to consider the specific requirements of your project and the expected environmental conditions to determine if Alloy 434 is the right choice for your application. Consulting with materials experts or manufacturers can provide further guidance based on your intended use case.

Reference Material (RM): A reference material, or RM, is a material with a known composition or property that is used for informational purposes to look at analytical instruments, methods, or procedures. It serves as a point of comparison to ensure the accuracy and reliability of measurements. Reference materials can vary in terms of their level of characterization and traceability. Some reference materials may have well-defined properties, but they might not have undergone the rigorous testing and certification process that certified reference materials (CRMs) undergo. Reference Material chemical compositions are for information purposes.

Certified Reference Material (CRM): A certified reference material, or CRM, is a type of reference material that has been thoroughly analyzed and characterized using multiple validated methods to determine its composition or properties. The results of these analyses are then used to establish certified values, along with associated uncertainties. CRMs are produced and certified by accredited organizations or laboratories following internationally recognized standards, such as ISO Guide 34 and ISO/IEC 17025. The certification process includes interlaboratory comparison and statistical analysis to ensure accuracy and traceability.

In summary, the main difference between a reference material and a certified reference material lies in the level of characterization, validation, and certification. CRMs have undergone a more comprehensive and rigorous testing process, resulting in certified values and uncertainties that can be confidently used for instrument calibration, quality control, and research. Reference materials, on the other hand, can provide a point of comparison but might not have the same level of certification and traceability as CRMs. When accuracy and traceability are critical, certified reference materials are preferred.

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